Sword Of The Great Captain by Marto Toledo. The sword belonged to the Gonzalo Fernandez de Cordoba, general who fought in the Conquest of Granada and the Italian Wars. Silver sword, 15th century.
Cordoba was a Spanish general who fought in the Conquest of Granada (reconquista) and the Italian Wars. He reorganized the emerging Spanish army and its tactics, and was regarded as the "father of trench warfare". He was also called "The Great Captain" (Spanish: El Gran Capitan).
Cordoba fought in service of the Catholic Monarchs (Queen Isabella I of Castile and King Ferdinand II of Aragon).
Cordoba was a pioneer of modern warfare. As a field commander, like Napoleon three centuries later his goal was the destruction of the enemy army. Cordoba systematically pursued defeated armies after a victory to minimize future resistance. He helped found the first modern standing army (the nearly-invincible Spanish infantry which dominated European battlefields for most of the 16th and 17th centuries). The best generals of Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor and Philip II of Spain were Córdoba's pupils or were trained by them.
His influence on military tactics was profound. Wellington's Torres Vedras campaign resembled Cordoba's campaign at Barletta and the Battle of Assaye is comparable to his campaign at Garigliano.
Cordoba directed the first battle in history won by gunpowder small arms (the Battle of Cerignola). At the end of the battle, he issued a call to prayer (toque de oracion, adopted later for all Western armies), when Cordoba saw the fields full of French bodies, he ordered the playing of three long tones and prayers for the fallen.
He left no sons, and was succeeded in his dukedoms by daughter Elvira Fernandez de Cordoba y Manrique. Cordoba's burial place, the Monastery of San Jeronimo in Granada, was built in Renaissance style by his wife and daughter. It was desecrated by Napoleonic troops under the Corsican General Sebastiani at the beginning of the 19th century. Stone from the tower was used to build the Puente Verde bridge over the Genil. The monastery was fully restored at the end of the 19th century.
Córdoba's extensive knowledge was passed on to the next generation through the men who served under him. Several, such as his steward Amador de Lares, accompanied Hernán Cortés on his conquest of the Aztec Empire.
Overall Length: 75 cms - 30 inches.
Blade: Stainless Steel - fully tempered - Silver etching.